Gateways such as the Protein Data Bank, FoldIt, and I-TASSER help scientists understand protein structures to solve outbreaks of disease, such as the Zika virus shown here. (Credit: David S. Goodsell and the RCSB PDB)

Articles and reports from around the world

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Research Papers

Science Gateways

  • Also have a look at papers listed in Google Scholar.
  • Kiss, Tamas. "Science gateways for the broader take-up of distributed computing infrastructures." Journal of Grid Computing (2012): 1-2. (
  • Lawrence, KA, Zentner, M, Wilkins-Diehr, N, Wernert, JA, Pierce, M, Marru, S, Michael, S. 2015. "Science gateways today and tomorrow: Positive perspectives of nearly 5,000 members of the research community," Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience 2015, DOI: 10.1002/cpe.3526.
    • Download pre-publication version
    • Publication on Wiley's website
    • Download the survey and other materials used
    • The raw data (anonymized) is available in SPSS, CSV, and Excel formats:
    • Abstract: Science gateways are digital interfaces to advanced technologies that support science/engineering research/education. Frequently implemented as web and mobile applications, they provide access to community resources such as software, data, collaboration tools, instrumentation, and high-performance computing. We anticipate opportunities for growth within a fragmented community. Through a large-scale survey, we measured the extent and characteristics of the gateway community (reliance on gateways, nature of existing resources) to understand useful services and support for builders and users. We administered an online survey to nearly 29,000 principal investigators, senior administrators, and people with gateway affiliations. Nearly 5,000 respondents represented diverse expertise and geography. The majority of researchers/educators indicated that specialized online resources were important to their work. They choose technologies by asking colleagues and looking for documentation, demonstrated reliability, and technical support; adaptability via customizing or open-source standards was another priority. Research groups commonly provide their own resources, but public/academic institutions and commercial services also provide substantial offerings. Application creators and administrators welcome external services providing guidance such as technology selection, sustainability planning, evaluation, and specialized expertise (e.g., quality assurance, design). Technologies are diverse, so flexibility and ongoing community input are essential, as is offering specific, easy-to-access training, community support, and professional development.
  • Lawrence, K. A., Wilkins-Diehr, N., Wernert, J. A., Pierce, M., Zentner, M., and Marru, S. 2014. "Who Cares About Science Gateways? A Large-Scale Survey of Community Use and Needs," Paper presented at the 9th Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE, at Supercomputing '14 in New Orleans, LA, 21 Nov. 2014). Published by ACM/IEEE Computer Society (Xplore Digital Library). DOI: 10.1109/GCE.2014.11
    • Read the paper in the Xplore Digital Library (requires account)
    • Abstract: With the rise of science gateway use in recent years, we anticipate there are additional opportunities for growth, but the field is currently fragmented. We describe our efforts to measure the extent and characteristics of the gateway community through a large-scale survey. Our goal was to understand what type of support services might be provided to the gateway community.
  • Wilkins-Diehr, Nancy, Dennis Gannon, Gerhard Klimeck, Scott Oster, and Sudhakar Pamidighantam. "TeraGrid science gateways and their impact on science." Computer 41, no. 11 (2008): 32-41. ( or
  • Gesing, S., Wilkins-Diehr, N., Dahan, M., Lawrence, K., Zentner, M., Pierce, M., Hayden, L.B., and Marru, S. (2017) Science Gateways: The Long Road to the Birth of an Institute Proc. of HICSS-50 (50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences), 4-7 January 2017, Hilton Waikoloa, HI, USA,


See also Case Studies on sustainability

  • Gesing, S., Dahan, M., Hayden, L.B., Lawrence, K., Marru, S., Pierce, M., Wilkins-Diehr, N. and Zentner, M. (2016). The Science Gateway Community Institute – Supporting Communities to Achieve Sustainability for their Science Gateways, in Proceedings of WSSSPE4 (4th Workshop on Sustainable Software for Science: Practice and Experiences), 12 - 14 September 2016, Manchester, UK, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073.
  • ITHAKA, A Guide to the Best Revenue Models and Funding Sources for your Digital Resources (2014)
  • ITHAKA, Sustaining the Digital Humanities: Host Institution Support Beyond the Start-up Phase (2014)
  • Lawrence, K. A. and N. Wilkins-Diehr (2012) “Roadmaps, Not Blueprints: Paving the Way to Science Gateway Success,” XSEDE 2012, pp. 1-8; July 16-20, 2012. Proceedings of the 1st Conference of the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment: Bridging from the eXtreme to the campus and beyond, Article No. 40. ACM, New York, NY. doi>10.1145/2335755.2335837 This article summarizes the complete “Opening Science Gateways to Future Success” study (that led to the formation of SGCI), synthesizing the input of all five focus groups. See the PDF on ACM’s Digital Library (institutional access is likely required).
  • Lawrence, K. and N. Wilkins-Diehr (2011) “Making science gateways a success,” Featured research report at International Science Grid This Week, January 26, 2011. This is a summary of the 2010 GCE Workshop paper from the “Opening Science Gateways to Future Success” study.
  • Wilkins-Diehr, N. and K. A. Lawrence (2010) “Opening Science Gateways to Future Success: The Challenges of Gateway Sustainability,” Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), 2010, pp.1-10; November 14, 2010. IEEE Computer Society (Xplore Digital Library). doi: 10.1109/GCE.2010.5676121. This is a report on the first focus group conducted in June 2010 as part of the  “Opening Science Gateways to Future Success” study (that led to the formation of SGCI). See the PDF on IEEE.

Virtual Organizations

Research Collections

Proceedings from Workshops & Conferences

Special Issues

Reports of General Interest


National Science Foundation

Planning Cyberinfrastructure

Science Gateways

Reports from Specific Domains

Are you curious whether your science or engineering community has begun a discussion about cyberinfrastructure, as a broader precursor to science gateways? Here is a list of many domain-focused workshop reports.

Computer and Information Sciences


Environmental Sciences

Life Sciences

Physical and Mathematical Sciences

Social Sciences and Humanities